Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Usage Policy

SSRN highly values the personal information of its authors and users. No user of the SSRN website is allowed to use it to create e-mail lists to send bulk e-mails. We block automated harvesting of email addresses by "spider" programs. The e-mail addresses posted on SSRN have never and will never be given or sold as a list. We will aggressively pursue all legal avenues to protect the privacy of our authors and users against unauthorized uses.
 Terms of Use

Social Science Electronic Publishing ("SSEP") hereby provides the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) web pages to you subject to the following conditions of use: By using the SSRN web site, you agree to the conditions contained in these Terms of Use.

Reserved Rights

SSEP reserves the right to make changes to its web sites, policies, and these Terms of Use and may impose limits on certain features, products and services or restrict your access to portions or all of the SSRN web site without notice or liability at any time.

SSEP reserves the right to modify or remove any material from the SSRN web site, and to adjust download counts, abstract views, and other usage statistics without notice or liability at any time.

SSEP reserves the right to refuse or terminate service, remove or edit site content, or cancel orders in its sole discretion.

Personal Use Only

The services and information provided on the SSRN website are provided solely for personal, non-commercial use. Furthermore, you may not take any material from this website and reformat, repost, or redisplay it without advance written permission from SSEP, except that for non-commercial purposes, (i) you may redisplay the title, author and/or abstract for an individual document included in the SSRN eLibrary, together with a link to that document on SSRN; and (ii) you may cite or quote individual SSRN usage statistics or rankings with an acknowledgment of the source and date for this information. These limited exceptions for noncommercial use apply only to links to specific documents and use of specific statistics. They do not convey any rights to reproduce or otherwise make use of all or a significant part of the SSRN eLibrary or SSRN usage statistics.

Personal Accounts

If you use have set up a personal account on the SSRN website, you are personally responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your account and password. By setting up your account, you accept responsibility for all activities that occur under your account or password. If you are under 18, you may only purchase any items or submit any personal information to the SSRN website with the prior approval of a parent or guardian.

Copyright Information

The SSRN website is Copyright by Social Science Electronic Publishing. All rights reserved. The content of this website and any information or documents it contains herein may not be reproduced, transmitted, broadcast, digitized, stored in any electronic system or recordable media, used in any derivative work, displayed, or distributed in any format without the express written consent of SSEP, except as set forth above under "Personal Use Only." For permissions inquires please call 585-442-8170 or email

Any person who provides any material for inclusion on the SSRN web sites is responsible for ensuring that this material does not violate other parties' copyright or other proprietary rights and does not otherwise violate law or applicable SSEP policy. As part of its general right to remove material, SSEP reserves the right in its sole discretion to delete or make inaccessible files that does or may contain material that violates law, of applicable SSEP policy, or the rights of third parties.

It is the policy of SSEP to respect the copyright protections given by federal law to owners of digital materials and software. Pursuant to 37 CFR 201.38, SSEP has designated the following person to receive notification from copyright owners of claimed infringement of copyright:

Gregory J. Gordon, President
Claimed Copyright Infringement
Social Science Electronic Publishing
2171 Monroe Avenue, Suite 3
Rochester, New York 14618
(585) 442-8170

Copyright Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Terms of Use