Public Reverence for the U.S. Supreme Court: Is the Court Invincible?
James L. Gibson
Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science
February 27, 2012
Social science knowledge about public attitudes toward the United States Supreme Court has accumulated over the last few decades to the point that a number of sound empirical propositions have emerged. This article reviews those findings and provides new data from a 2011 nationally representative survey to test various hypotheses about the willingness of citizens to extend legitimacy to the Supreme Court. The most important findings of this analysis are that the legitimacy of the Court is high, it is not dependent upon satisfaction with the Court’s decisions, and therefore the Court’s legitimacy has changed almost imperceptibly over the last few decades. By being a sharply divided policy-making institution, the Court is able to please those of all ideological stripes at least some of the time, which may undermine policy dissatisfaction as a source of threat to the institution’s legitimacy. The Court is a majoritarian institution not in the sense that its decisions are in line with the preferences of the majority, but rather in the sense that it is dependent upon the willingness of most Americans to cede legitimacy to the Court, and therefore to accept decisions with which they disagree.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: Judicial Legitimacy, Public Opinionworking papers series
Date posted: July 30, 2011 ; Last revised: March 27, 2012
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