Updating the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
Orin S. Kerr
The George Washington University Law School
University of Chicago Law Review, Forthcoming
GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 289
GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 289
This essay argues that the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act should be restructured to account for changes in communications technology and Fourth Amendment law since FISA's enactment in 1978. FISA reflects the person-focused assumptions of 1970s-era technology and constitutional law. At that time, foreign intelligence monitoring necessarily focused on subject identity and location. Although some modern investigations track this traditional approach, many do not; investigations involving packet-switched networks often start with data divorced from any known person or location. FISA should be amended to create two distinct authorities for surveillance: data-focused authorities when the identity and/or location of the subject are unknown, and person-focused authorities when the identity and/or location are known. A two-pronged approach can best implement the goals of foreign intelligence investigations given the realities of modern communications networks.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24
Keywords: FISA, Foreign Intelligence, Internet, Fourth Amendment
JEL Classification: K1, K14Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: July 13, 2007
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