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Restorative Justice: What is it and Does it Work?


Carrie Menkel-Meadow


University of California Irvine, School of Law; Georgetown University Law Center


Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 1005485
Annual Review, 2007

Abstract:     
This article reviews the now extensive literature on the varied arenas in which restorative justice is theorized and practiced - criminal violations, community ruptures and disputes, civil wars, regime change, human rights violations, and international law. It also reviews - by examining empirical studies of the processes in different settings - how restorative justice has been criticized, what its limitations and achievements might be, and how it might be understood. I explore the foundational concepts of reintegrative shaming, acknowledgment and responsibility, restitution, truth and reconciliation, and sentencing or healing circles for their transformative and theoretical potentials and for their actual practices in a variety of locations - family abuse, juvenile delinquency, criminal violations, problem-solving courts, indigenous-colonial-national disputes, ethnic and religious conflicts, civil wars, and liberation struggles. Restorative justice, which began as an alternative model of criminal justice, seeking healing and reconciliation for offenders, victims, and the communities in which they are embedded, has moved into larger national and international arenas of reintegration in political and ethnic conflicts. This review suggests that there are important and serious questions about whether restorative justice should be supplemental or substitutional of more conventional legal processes and about how its innovations suggest potentially transformative and challenging ideas and "moves" for dealing with both individual and group transgressive conduct, seeking peace as well as justice.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 27

Keywords: reconciliation, criminal law, international law, restorative justice, dispute resolution

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Date posted: August 10, 2007  

Suggested Citation

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie, Restorative Justice: What is it and Does it Work?. Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 1005485; Annual Review, 2007. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1005485

Contact Information

Carrie J. Menkel-Meadow (Contact Author)
University of California Irvine, School of Law ( email )
401 E. Peltason Drive
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
949-824-1987 (Phone)
Georgetown University Law Center ( email )
600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States
202-662-9379 (Phone)
202-662-9412 (Fax)
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