The HIV Anticaptory Saving Motive: An Empirical Analysis in South Africa
Gijs Van de Kuilen
University of Amsterdam; Tilburg University - Center for Economic Research (CentER)
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2007-51
This paper studies the effect of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on saving behaviour. Two important characteristics of HIV result in opposing forces on savings: mortality increases, which reduces savings, and long-term illness risk increases, which enhances savings. We use a two period life-cycle model with uncertain lifetime including perceived HIV contamination risk to illustrate both the opposing effects of the HIV epidemic on individual savings and test the predictions of our model with data obtained from an economic experiment with real monetary incentives performed in South Africa. The empirical results show that increased mortality decreases the amount of savings and that having a high perception of HIV contamination risk increases savings. The latter effect confirms the HIV anticipatory saving hypothesis.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 19
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, saving behavior, illness risk, mortality, life-cycle model, time preferences
JEL Classification: D12, D91, E21, I12working papers series
Date posted: September 5, 2007
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo6 in 0.344 seconds