Job Satisfaction and Family Happiness: The Part-Time Work Puzzle
Alison L. Booth
Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Jan C. Van Ours
Tilburg University - Department of Economics; University of Melbourne - Department of Economics
IZA Discussion Paper No. 3020
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2007-69
Using fixed effects ordered logit estimation, we investigate the relationship between part-time work and working hours satisfaction; job satisfaction; and life satisfaction. We account for interdependence within the family using data on partnered men and women from the British Household Panel Survey. We find that men have the highest hours-of-work satisfaction if they work full-time without overtime hours but neither their job satisfaction nor their life satisfaction are affected by how many hours they work. Life satisfaction is influenced only by whether or not they have a job. For women we are confronted with a puzzle. Hours satisfaction and job satisfaction indicate that women prefer part-time jobs irrespective of whether these are small or large. In contrast, female life satisfaction is virtually unaffected by hours of work. Women without children do not care about their hours of work at all, while women with children are significantly happier if they have a job regardless of how many hours it entails.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38
Keywords: part-time work, happiness, satisfaction, working hours, gender
JEL Classification: J22, I31, J16
Date posted: September 5, 2007
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