The Changing Relationship between Income and Crime Victimization
Steven D. Levitt
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Economic Policy Review, Vol. 5, No. 3, September 1999
The main results of the paper are as follows: Information in the National Crime Victimization Survey suggests that property crime victimization has become increasingly concentrated on the poor. For instance, in the mid-1970s households with incomes below $25,000 (in 1994 dollars) were actually burglarized slightly less than households with incomes greater than $50,000. By 1994, the poor households were 60 percent more likely to be burglarized than the rich households. For violent crime, however, a different pattern is observed. In the Chicago homicide data, homicide rates at a point in time are generally inversely related to median family income in the community. However, this relationship has substantially weakened over time for blacks and has disappeared completely for whites by 1990. This finding is particularly striking because cross-neighborhood income inequality increased substantially over the time period examined. In other words, the income gap between the richest and poorest communities grew substantially, but the murder gap shrunk.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 12
Keywords: income inequalityAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 14, 2007
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo2 in 0.437 seconds