Gravity and Culture in Foreign Portfolio Investment
University of Akron - Department of Finance
Monash University - Faculty of Business and Economics
Brian M. Lucey
Trinity College, Dublin - School of Business; University of Dublin - Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS); Glasgow Caledonian University - Division of Accounting & Finance
September 1, 2012
Using panel regression estimates from the IMF’s CPIS survey of foreign debt and equity portfolios across 174 originating and 50 destination countries from 2001 to 2007, we clarify the role of culture and extend the set of cultural variables that have been investigated in gravity models of foreign portfolio investment (FPI). Incorporating Hofstede’s cultural dimensions of individualism, masculinity, power distance and uncertainty avoidance, we show how cultural traits in both originating and destination countries, as well as the cultural distances that separate them, interact with geographic distance and other gravity variables to determine global FPI patterns. We find hitherto unreported effects and show that while gravity always deters FPI, aspects of culture and cultural distance can offset this by supporting FPI.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: FPI, home bias, culture, gravity models
JEL Classification: F21, F23 , F37 , G12, G15working papers series
Date posted: August 31, 2011
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