Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1069222
 
 

Footnotes (118)



 


 



Enabling Research or Unfair Competition? De Jure and De Facto Research Use Exceptions in Major Technology Countries


Sean M. O'Connor


University of Washington - School of Law

2009

PATENT LAW & THEORY: A HANDBOOK OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, Toshiko Takenaka ed., Edward Elgar Publishing Co., 2009

Abstract:     
This Chapter considers the range of research use exceptions in use around the world in major technology oriented countries. While most of the countries considered have fairly robust R&D and regulatory review research use exceptions, the U.S. has no commercial R&D exception, an extremely limited de jure common law exception for dilettante experiments, and yet arguably the broadest regulatory review exception. At the same time, researchers employed by the federal or state governments, or funded by the federal government, can in many cases enjoy the protection of certain de facto research use exceptions. While some of these have analogues elsewhere - e.g., the 1498 government use clause and the Crown Right in the U.K. - these de facto exceptions may have more potential in the U.S. because of the extraordinary amount of research still conducted by or on behalf of the government. Further, it is not actually clear whether stronger or weaker research use exceptions are better for spurring innovation. The Chapter outlines the policy considerations raised by research use exceptions by focusing on whether the exceptions fairly enable research or instead provide a means for imitators to engage in unfair competition with patent owners and their assignees/licensees.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 31

Keywords: patents, research exceptions, Hatch-Waxman, Bayh-Dole, Bolar Exemptions

JEL Classification: O31, O32, O33, O34, O35, O36, O37, O38

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: December 11, 2007 ; Last revised: May 9, 2013

Suggested Citation

O'Connor, Sean M., Enabling Research or Unfair Competition? De Jure and De Facto Research Use Exceptions in Major Technology Countries (2009). PATENT LAW & THEORY: A HANDBOOK OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, Toshiko Takenaka ed., Edward Elgar Publishing Co., 2009. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1069222

Contact Information

Sean M. O'Connor (Contact Author)
University of Washington - School of Law ( email )
William H. Gates Hall
Box 353020
Seattle, WA 98105-3020
United States
206-543-7491 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.washington.edu/faculty/oconnor

Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,013
Downloads: 211
Download Rank: 82,331
Footnotes:  118
Paper comments
No comments have been made on this paper

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo7 in 0.297 seconds