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Tolerance and HIV


Andrew M. Francis


Emory University - Department of Economics

Hugo M. Mialon


Emory University - Department of Economics

September 3, 2009

Emory Law and Economics Research Paper No. 08-37

Abstract:     
We empirically investigate the effect of tolerance for gays on the spread of HIV in the United States. Using a state-level panel dataset spanning the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s, we find that tolerance is negatively associated with the HIV rate. We then investigate the causal mechanisms potentially underlying this relationship. We find evidence consistent with the theory that tolerance for homosexuals causes low-risk men to enter the pool of homosexual partners, as well as causes sexually active men to substitute away from underground, anonymous, and risky behaviors, both of which lower the HIV rate.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 42

Keywords: HIV, risky sex, tolerance, gay marriage bans

JEL Classification: I18, K10, J15, D0

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Date posted: February 10, 2008 ; Last revised: May 29, 2012

Suggested Citation

Francis, Andrew M. and Mialon, Hugo M., Tolerance and HIV (September 3, 2009). Emory Law and Economics Research Paper No. 08-37. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1091788 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1091788

Contact Information

Andrew M. Francis
Emory University - Department of Economics ( email )
1602 Fishburne Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States
Hugo M. Mialon (Contact Author)
Emory University - Department of Economics ( email )
1602 Fishburne Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States
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