Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1103055
 
 

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Who Gentrifies Low Income Neighborhoods?


Terra McKinnish


University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics

Randall P. Walsh


University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics

Kirk White


U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

January 1, 2008

US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-08-02

Abstract:     
This paper uses confidential Census data, specifically the 1990 and 2000 Census Long-Form data, to study the demographic processes underlying the gentrification of low income urban neighborhoods during the 1990's. In contrast to previous studies, the analysis is conducted at the more refined census-tract level with a narrower definition of gentrification and more narrowly defined comparison neighborhoods. The analysis is also richly disaggregated by demographic characteristic, uncovering differential patterns by race, education, age and family structure that would not have emerged in the more aggregate analysis in previous studies. The results provide little evidence of displacement of low-income non-white households in gentrifying neighborhoods. The bulk of the income gains in gentrifying neighborhoods are attributed to white college graduates and black high school graduates. It is the disproportionate in-migration of the former and the disproportionate retention and income gains of the latter that appear to be the main engines of gentrification.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 43

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Date posted: March 5, 2008  

Suggested Citation

McKinnish, Terra and Walsh, Randall P. and White, Kirk, Who Gentrifies Low Income Neighborhoods? (January 1, 2008). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-08-02. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1103055 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1103055

Contact Information

Terra McKinnish (Contact Author)
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics ( email )
Campus Box 256
Boulder, CO 80309-0256
United States
Randall P. Walsh
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics ( email )
Campus Box 256
Boulder, CO 80309-0256
United States
303-492-4599 (Phone)
303-492-8622 (Fax)
Kirk White
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) ( email )
1301 New York Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20250
United States
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