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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1103243
 
 

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Testing the Testimonial Concept and Exceptions to Confrontation: 'A Little Child Shall Lead Them'


Robert P. Mosteller


University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Law


Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 82, No. 4, 2007
Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 191

Abstract:     
In Crawford v. Washington (2004), the Supreme Court radically transformed the analysis of the Confrontation Clause for hearsay, but left many specific questions unanswered. Two years later in Davis v. Washington (2006), it revisited the subject and answered a few of the unresolved issues, but again left much in doubt, apparently reorienting the focus of the testimonial definition from that of the party making the statement to that of the person receiving it.

One of the areas where the new doctrine has greatest potential importance is in cases involving children, particularly cases involving physical and sexual abuse. The importance derives from the fact that hearsay statements to family members, doctors and nurses, forensic investigators, and family members is often critical evidence in the prosecution.

Despite the radical change in doctrine, the pattern in the caselaw involving statements by children in the wake of both Crawford and Davis is one largely of continuity in results from those under the discredited analysis of Ohio v. Roberts, which was generally to receive such statements. The one exception is for statements from children to police officers and those closely analogous - where exclusion under Crawford and Davis is now relatively uniform. The most significant development in analysis in recent cases is the focus on the purpose of the questioner, which in many situations simply provides a clearer explanation for an unchanged result.

Statements for medical purposes are universally received. This result is buttressed by Davis's questioner-purpose analysis. However, the nontestimonial treatment, while generally appropriate even for statements of identity during the initial medical assessment, should not, despite a medical label, continue for subsequent examinations where the prosecutorial purpose likely predominates.

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Date posted: March 10, 2008 ; Last revised: October 3, 2012

Suggested Citation

Mosteller, Robert P., Testing the Testimonial Concept and Exceptions to Confrontation: 'A Little Child Shall Lead Them'. Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 82, No. 4, 2007; Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 191. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1103243

Contact Information

Robert P. Mosteller (Contact Author)
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Law ( email )
Van Hecke-Wettach Hall, 160 Ridge Road
CB #3380
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3380
United States
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