Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1104056
 
 

References (24)



 
 

Citations (2)



 


 



From Servants to Secretaries: The Occupations of African-American Women, 1940-1980


William A. Sundstrom


Santa Clara University - Leavey School of Business - Economics Department

May 2000


Abstract:     
This paper examines changes in the occupations of African-American women during the period 1940-1980 using U.S. Census samples, with an emphasis on the breakthrough of black women into clerical work. In contrast with some previous studies, my results indicate that increased educational attainment played a significant role in opening black opportunities for clerical jobs. But changes in education still explain less than half of the overall increase in probability of a clerical job, suggesting that declining discrimination may also have been important. Employing an illustrative tipping model of endogenous discrimination, the paper argues that a range of historical forces might have tipped the labor market toward an equilibrium with less employment discrimination. Some preliminary evidence suggests a potential role for public employment and the educational qualifications of the black labor pool.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 38

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: March 8, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Sundstrom, William A., From Servants to Secretaries: The Occupations of African-American Women, 1940-1980 (May 2000). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1104056 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1104056

Contact Information

William A. Sundstrom (Contact Author)
Santa Clara University - Leavey School of Business - Economics Department ( email )
500 El Camino Real
Santa Clara, CA California 95053
United States
408-554-4341 (Phone)
408-554-2331 (Fax)
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 805
Downloads: 71
Download Rank: 192,971
References:  24
Citations:  2

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo8 in 0.235 seconds