The Voting Rights Act and the Era of Maintenance

Michael J. Pitts

Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 4, 2008

Since its initial passage in 1965, the Voting Rights Act has seen two distinct Eras of enforcement that have been relatively well-recognized in the literature - the Era of Participation, during which the bald-faced denial of access to voting booths for minority voters was virtually eliminated, and the Era of Descriptive Representation, during which minority voters were able to integrate legislative bodies by electing candidates who shared their same immutable characteristics. This Article contends that we have entered a third Era of Voting Rights Act enforcement - the Era of Maintenance. After identifying and laying the parameters of the Era of Maintenance the Article then tackles the question of whether the Era represents an appropriate approach to the Voting Rights Act going forward.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 83

Keywords: civil rights, Voting Rights Act, democracy, voting rights, Section 2, Section 5, Section 203, politics, racial gerrymandering, discrimination

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: March 12, 2008 ; Last revised: February 18, 2012

Suggested Citation

Pitts, Michael J., The Voting Rights Act and the Era of Maintenance. Alabama Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 4, 2008. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1105115

Contact Information

Michael J. Pitts (Contact Author)
Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law ( email )
530 West New York Street
Indianapolis, IN 46202
United States

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,991
Downloads: 164
Download Rank: 135,434

© 2016 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollobot1 in 0.172 seconds