The Labor Market Impact of Immigration in Western Germany in the 1990's
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Bocconi University - Department of Economics and Paolo Baffi Centre on Central Banking and Financial Regulation
Bank of Italy
University of California, Davis - Department of Economics
FEEM Working Paper No. 16.2008
We adopt a general equilibrium approach in order to measure the effects of recent immigration on the Western German labor market, looking at both wage and employment effects. Using the Regional File of the IAB Employment Subsample for the period 1987-2001, we find that the substantial immigration of the 1990's had no adverse effects on native wages and employment levels. It had instead adverse employment and wage effects on previous waves of immigrants. This stems from the fact that, after controlling for education and experience levels, native and migrant workers appear to be imperfect substitutes whereas new and old immigrants exhibit perfect substitutability. Our analysis suggests that if the German labor market were as "flexible" as the UK labor market, it would be more efficient in dealing with the effects of immigration.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 45
Keywords: immigration, Skill Complementarities, Employment, Wages
JEL Classification: E24, F22, J61, J31working papers series
Date posted: April 1, 2008
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.578 seconds