Qualifying Religion: The Role of Plural Identities for Educational Production
Stockholm University - Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES); University of Zurich - Department of Economics
University of Zurich - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
University of Fribourg - Faculty of Economics and Social Science; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
University of Zurich
affiliation not provided to SSRN
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2283
University of Zurich Institute for Empirical Research in Economics Working Paper No. 360
This paper examines the role of religious denomination for human capital formation. We employ a unique data set which covers, inter alia, information on numerous measures of school inputs in 169 Swiss districts for the years 1871/72, 1881/82 and 1894/95, marks from pedagogical examinations of conscripts (1875-1903), and results from political referenda to capture conservative or progressive values in addition to the cultural characteristics language and religion. Catholic districts show on average significantly lower educational performance than Protestant districts. However, accounting for other sociocultural characteristics qualifies the role of religion for educational production. The evidence suggests that Catholicism is harmful only in a conservative milieu. We also exploit information on absenteeism of pupils from school to separate provision of schooling from use of schooling.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: culture, educational production, plural identity, religious denomination, school inputs
JEL Classification: I20, H52, O10, N33
Date posted: March 18, 2008
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