Why Do Firms Go Dark? Causes and Economic Consequences of Voluntary SEC Deregistrations
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Center for Financial Studies (CFS); University of Pennsylvania - Wharton Financial Institutions Center; CESifo Research Network
Alexander J. Triantis
University of Maryland - Robert H. Smith School of Business
Tracy Yue Wang
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management
Journal of Accounting & Economics (JAE), 2008
We examine a comprehensive sample of going-dark deregistrations where companies cease SEC reporting, but continue to trade publicly. We document a spike in going dark that is largely attributable to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Firms experience large negative abnormal returns when going dark. We find that many firms go dark due to poor future prospects, distress and increased compliance costs after SOX. But we also find evidence suggesting that controlling insiders take their firms dark to protect private control benefits and decrease outside scrutiny, particularly when governance and investor protection are weak. Finally, we show that going dark and going private are distinct economic events.
Keywords: Going private, Disclosure, Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Deregistration, Private control benefits, Pink sheets, Liquidity, Stock market reactions
JEL Classification: G18, G38, K22, G39, M41, M45, M44, G14
Date posted: March 18, 2008
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