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Testing the Over- and Under-Exploitation Hypotheses: Bestselling Musical Compositions (1913-32) and Their Use in Cinema (1968-2007)


Paul J. Heald


University of Illinois College of Law

April 1, 2008

U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 234
U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 429
University of Georgia School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1115405
3rd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Papers

Abstract:     
Some economists assert that as valuable works transition from copyrighted status and fall into the public domain they will be underexploited and their value dissipated. Others insist instead that without an owner to control their use, valuable public domain works will be overexploited or otherwise debased. This study of the most valuable musical compositions from 1913-32 demonstrates that neither hypothesis is true as it applies to the exploitation of songs in movies from 1968-2007. When compositions fall into the public domain, they are more likely to be exploited in movies, suggesting no under-exploitation. And the rate of exploitation of these public domain songs is no greater than that of copyrighted songs, indicating no congestion externality. The absence of market failure is likely due to producer and consumer self-regulation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 47

Keywords: Copyright, Musical Composition

JEL Classification: O34, K11

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Date posted: September 14, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Heald, Paul J., Testing the Over- and Under-Exploitation Hypotheses: Bestselling Musical Compositions (1913-32) and Their Use in Cinema (1968-2007) (April 1, 2008). U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 234; U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 429; University of Georgia School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1115405; 3rd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Papers. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1115405 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1115405

Contact Information

Paul J. Heald (Contact Author)
University of Illinois College of Law ( email )
504 E. Pennsylvania Avenue
Champaign, IL 61820
United States
706-372-2567 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.illinois.edu/faculty/profile/PaulHeald

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