Deciding to Bribe: A Cross-Level Analysis of Firm and Home Country Influences on Bribery Activity
Kelly D. Martin
Colorado State University - College of Business
John B. Cullen
Washington State University
Jean L. Johnson
Washington State University - College of Business and Economics
Academy of Management Journal, December 2007
Local firms in their home countries often engage in behavior that constitutes corruption, at least through some cultural lenses. One such practice is bribery of public officials. This study uses multilevel theory to address the question of why bribery activity of this type differs among countries. We analyze responses from nearly 4,000 firms worldwide using hierarchical linear modeling to investigate cross-level predictions about bribery. Drawing from anomie theory, we find support for country-level cultural and institutional drivers of firm-level bribery. We extend anomie theory by showing how firm-level pressures can encourage the supplying of bribes as a firm strategy.
Keywords: bribery, corruption, cross-national, anomie theoryAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: May 12, 2008
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