Who Should Appoint Regulators: Governments or Parliaments?
Pedro P. Barros
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
The last two decades were characterized, in several countries, by the creation of several sectoral regulators and of competition authorities. An important issue in their statutes is to whom regulators are accountable: the Government or the Parliament. There are several legal arguments in favor of one or the other solution. We focus here in a different line of argument: because who appoints the regulator may determine its objective function, Government or Parliament appointment will lead to different outcomes. We identify under which conditions each possibility dominates. Several factors contribute for the relative welfare assessment: whether the regulator acts as a perfect agent of the nominating institution, or not; whether majorities are strong, or not; whether parties are industry-friendly or consumer-friendly; and whether there is a dominating party, or not.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 16
Keywords: regulation, economic design, political economy
JEL Classification: L51, K20
Date posted: May 24, 2008
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