Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1133947
 
 

References (25)



 
 

Citations (3)



 


 



Sun and Water: On a Modulus-Based Measurement of Happiness


Christopher K. Hsee


University of Chicago - Booth School of Business

Ningyu Tang


affiliation not provided to SSRN


Emotion, Vol. 7, pp. 213-218, 2007

Abstract:     
Most happiness researchers use semantic differential or Likert scales to assess happiness. Such conventionally used scales are susceptible to scale renorming (interpretation of scales differently in different contexts) and can produce a specious relativism effect (e.g., rating a low-income person happier than a high-income person in situations where the low-income person is not happier). Building on related psychophysical measurements, the authors propose a simple, survey-friendly, modulus-based scale of happiness and show that it is less susceptible to specious relativism than conventional rating scales but can still catch genuine relativism (e.g., rating a low-income person to be happier than a high-income person in situations where the low-income person is indeed happier).

Number of Pages in PDF File: 6

Keywords: measurement scale, renorming, scale calibration, happiness

JEL Classification: D81, D11, D12, D91

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Date posted: May 24, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Hsee, Christopher K. and Tang, Ningyu, Sun and Water: On a Modulus-Based Measurement of Happiness. Emotion, Vol. 7, pp. 213-218, 2007. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1133947

Contact Information

Christopher K. Hsee (Contact Author)
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )
5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
Ningyu Tang
affiliation not provided to SSRN
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References:  25
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