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Construing Patent Claims According to Their 'Interpretive Community': A Call for an Attorney-Plus-Artisan Perspective


John M. Golden


The University of Texas at Austin - School of Law

May 1, 2008

Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 21, p. 321, 2008
U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 140

Abstract:     
In light of continued frustration with claim construction jurisprudence, this article proposes abandonment of the commonly accepted notion that claims must be construed from the perspective of a person of ordinary skill in the relevant technological art. Crudely stated, if claims are to be the fundamental determinants of patent scope, the basic approach to construing claims should be one of reasonableness according to (1) established legal principles, (2) a well-informed reading of the patent and its prosecution history, and (3) the mores and understandings of claims' relevant interpretive community. The ordinary artisan perspective is not well designed to implement this approach. Ordinary engineers or scientists typically do not form a well-constituted interpretive community for patent claims. Consequently, their views on claim meaning might be too legally ill-informed and idiosyncratic to permit substantial predictability.

A better perspective to associate with claim construction is that of a patent attorney having access to the knowledge of a person of technological skill. Such an attorney-with-artisan perspective would make use of the artisan's knowledge to help ensure claim construction's technological sensibility. But it would more generally follow rules and techniques for claim construction that are publicly known and anchored in the practices of an active interpretive community. Claim construction law and practice are already mostly in agreement with this attorney-with-artisan perspective, and substantially in conflict with the ordinary artisan perspective. Further, use of an ordinary artisan perspective for claim construction has a surprisingly weak historical pedigree. Recognition that an attorney-with-artisan perspective governs claim construction should promote the law's transparency, coherence, and predictability, as well as providing a more sensible reference point for its improvement and critique.

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Date posted: May 28, 2008 ; Last revised: October 26, 2011

Suggested Citation

Golden, John M., Construing Patent Claims According to Their 'Interpretive Community': A Call for an Attorney-Plus-Artisan Perspective (May 1, 2008). Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 21, p. 321, 2008; U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 140. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1135813

Contact Information

John M. Golden (Contact Author)
The University of Texas at Austin - School of Law ( email )
School of Law
727 East Dean Keeton Street
Austin, TX 78705
United States
(512) 232-1469 (Phone)

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