Schools, Skills, and Synapses
James J. Heckman
University of Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); American Bar Foundation; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 3515
This paper discusses (a) the role of cognitive and noncognitive ability in shaping adult outcomes, (b) the early emergence of differentials in abilities between children of advantaged families and children of disadvantaged families, (c) the role of families in creating these abilities, (d) adverse trends in American families, and (e) the effectiveness of early interventions in offsetting these trends. Practical issues in the design and implementation of early childhood programs are discussed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 95
Keywords: productivity, high school dropout, ability gaps, family influence, noncognitive skills, early interventions
JEL Classification: A12
Date posted: June 5, 2008
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