Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1146042
 
 

Citations



 


 



Brain Drain in Developing Countries


Frédéric Docquier


Catholic University of Louvain (UCL); CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Abdeslam Marfouk


Free University of Brussels (VUB)

2007

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 193-218, 2007

Abstract:     
An original data set on international migration by educational attainment for 1990 and 2000 is used to analyze the determinants of brain drain from developing countries. The analysis starts with a simple decomposition of the brain drain in two multiplicative components, the degree of openness of sending countries (measured by the average emigration rate) and the schooling gap (measured by the education level of emigrants compared with natives). Regression models are used to identify the determinants of these components and explain cross-country differences in the migration of skilled workers. Unsurprisingly, the brain drain is strong in small countries that are close to major Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) regions, that share colonial links with OECD countries, and that send most of their migrants to countries with quality-selective immigration programs. Interestingly, the brain drain increases with political instability and the degree of fractionalization at origin and decreases with natives' human capital.

Keywords: F22, O15, J24

Accepted Paper Series





Not Available For Download

Date posted: June 16, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Docquier, Frédéric and Marfouk, Abdeslam, Brain Drain in Developing Countries (2007). The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 193-218, 2007. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1146042 or http://dx.doi.org/lhm008

Contact Information

Frédéric Docquier (Contact Author)
Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) ( email )
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium
CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK
University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Abdeslam Marfouk
Free University of Brussels (VUB) ( email )
Laarbeeklaan 103
Pleinlaan 2
Brussels, Brabant 1090
Belgium
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