Implications of Higher Global Food Prices for Poverty in Low-Income Countries
World Bank; World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC); World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Will J Martin
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
April 1, 2008
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4594
In many poor countries, the recent increases in prices of staple foods raise the real incomes of those selling food, many of whom are relatively poor, while hurting net food consumers, many of whom are also relatively poor. The impacts on poverty will certainly be very diverse, but the average impact on poverty depends upon the balance between these two effects, and can only be determined by looking at real-world data. Results using household data for ten observations on nine low-income countries show that the short-run impacts of higher staple food prices on poverty differ considerably by commodity and by country, but, that poverty increases are much more frequent, and larger, than poverty reductions. The recent large increases in food prices appear likely to raise overall poverty in low income countries substantially.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 57
Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction, Markets and Market Access, Population Policies, Achieving Shared Growth
Date posted: April 20, 2016
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