Consciousness as Pure Self-Reflection in the Writings of Michael Polanyi
William J. Kelleher, Ph.D.
The Empathic Science Institute
June 25, 2008
Recognition that Michael Polanyi is one of the greatest minds of the Post-Modern era is rapidly increasing. His theory of "tacit knowledge" is one of Polanyi's most significant contributions to the philosophy of mind. In our view, that notion can be most fully understood when read in the context of his general assertions and assumptions about the nature of consciousness. Our analysis of Polanyi's use of the term "consciousness" finds three distinct meanings. These are: Consciousness 1, consciousness as self-awareness; Consciousness 2, consciousness as thoughts, feelings, perceptions, or the mental content of Consciousness 1; and, Consciousness 3, consciousness as understood in contrast to "unconsciousness."
Numerous instances of these usages are quoted and explained. In some cases, Polanyi's use of these terms is ambiguous, or misleading. This occurs especially with his use of the two words "attention" and "awareness." The paper concludes with the suggestion that social scientists, and other readers of Polanyi, who are interested in understanding his theory of "consciousness" can avoid the misleading connotations of those two terms by heeding these few suggestions: (a). read the term "focal awareness" as focal attention; (b). read the term "subsidiary awareness" as subsidiary reliance; and, (c). keep in mind that there are not "two levels" nor "two kinds" of "awareness," but only one awareness: self-awareness.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: Tacit knowledge, Michael Polanyi, personal knowledge, consciousness, pure self-reflectionworking papers series
Date posted: June 25, 2008 ; Last revised: July 6, 2009
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