Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1151489
 


 



The Role of Women in Peacekeeping and Peacemaking: Devising Solutions to the Demand Side of Trafficking


Constance De la Vega


University of San Francisco School of Law

Chelsea E. HaleyNelson


Law offices of Chelsea E. HayleyNelson

June 25, 2008

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 437-465, 2006
Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-08

Abstract:     
This article argues that women's equal participation in all levels of peacemaking and peacekeeping, as required by U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325, is vital to the elimination of trafficking in women and children. This article: describes and analyzes U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325 [which addresses the unequal and detrimental effects of armed conflict on women and children and seeks to foster women's participation in all levels of decision-making in peace processes]; presents the unique, disparate impact that armed conflict has on women and children and discusses the role that militaries have in perpetuating trafficking during times of conflict; demonstrates how trafficking thrives in the post-conflict period because of peacekeepers' complicity in the practice and a lack of specific protections for trafficked victims; establishes that women's absence from peace processes perpetuates trafficking because immunity for trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and girls during conflict is often included in peace accords and post-conflict laws; and discusses how the growing militarization and the war on terror have aided the perpetuation of trafficking outside of typical armed conflict scenarios.

The article concludes: that the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking should investigate and make recommendations regarding the role peacekeeping forces have in creating a demand for trafficked victims, and that implementation of the mandate of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325 must also be considered when investigating the causes of and solutions to trafficking; that peacekeeping personnel must be held to strict codes of conduct that protect the physical security and ensure the freedom of movement of women and children during and after conflict; that member states must provide effective mechanisms to guarantee the physical security of women and children during the transitional period following any armed conflict (including specific guarantees of prosecution for violations of sex exploitation and trafficking); that post-conflict reconstruction governments must adopt and implement standards to eliminate the trafficking of women and children; that all U.N. peacekeeping operations should include a gender unit within the military operation for monitoring compliance with established, strict codes of conduct; and that peacekeeping commanders should be required to report to the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking any violations by peacekeepers as part of standard U.N. peacekeeping mission reporting.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 31

Keywords: trafficking of women, trafficking of children, U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325, sex exploitation, Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, United Nations, human rights, peacekeeping

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Date posted: June 29, 2008 ; Last revised: April 27, 2010

Suggested Citation

de la Vega, Constance and HaleyNelson, Chelsea E., The Role of Women in Peacekeeping and Peacemaking: Devising Solutions to the Demand Side of Trafficking (June 25, 2008). William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 437-465, 2006; Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-08. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1151489

Contact Information

Constance De la Vega (Contact Author)
University of San Francisco School of Law ( email )
2130 Fulton Street
San Francisco, CA 94117
United States
Chelsea E. HaleyNelson
Law offices of Chelsea E. HayleyNelson ( email )
315 Montgomery Street
9th Floor, Ste 911
San Francisco, CA 94104
United States
415-829-4500 (Phone)
415-829-4501 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.haleynelsonlaw.com
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