Testing Bayesian Updating with the AP Top 25
Daniel F. Stone
Bowdoin College - Department of Economics
July 1, 2011
Economic Inquiry, Forthcoming
Most studies of Bayesian updating use experimental data. This paper uses a non-experimental data source--the voter ballots of the Associated Press (AP) college football poll, a weekly subjective ranking of the top 25 teams--to test Bayes' rule as a descriptive model. I find that voters sometimes underreact to new information, sometimes overreact, and at other times their behavior is consistent with estimated Bayesian updating. A unifying explanation for the disparate results is that voters are more responsive to information that is more salient (i.e., noticeable). In particular, voters respond in a ``more Bayesian'' way to losses and wins over ranked teams, as compared to wins over unranked teams, and voters seem unaware of subtle variation in the precision of priors.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38
Keywords: Belief Updating, Overreaction, Underreaction, Salience, Heuristics, College Football Rankings
JEL Classification: D80, D83, D84Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: July 11, 2008 ; Last revised: July 21, 2011
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