Emergence of Corporate Contract Set, Governance and Accountability: Standing Orders of the East India Company, 1600-1621
July 14, 2008
Corporate governance has become an attractive topic for academic research, especially after several cases of corporate scandals at the beginning of the 21st century. Since then, much effort has been put into improving existing and inventing new corporate governance mechanisms as well as increasing accountability of managers to their stakeholders. However, this debate is not embedded in the contemporary world. Since their beginnings, companies have tried to design structures that would reduce, if not eliminate, the inherited problem of conflicts of interest among various participants. Business historians have documented that the development of various organizational forms was a result of the constant struggle to write more and more efficient contracts between firms' participants.
The East India Company (EIC) was a precursor of the modern corporation working in a globalized world. As in any other organization, a group of investors combined their efforts to carry out a common purpose - trading to the East - and the members elected officers to carry out day-to-day management. This paper seeks a historical perspective on the emergence and development of various governance mechanisms in the EIC. The period of the analysis relates to the first twenty-one years of the EIC, from the first rules written in the Charter of Incorporation to the time when the Standing Orders of the EIC were published.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 53
Keywords: contract set, governance, accountability, East India Company
JEL Classification: M41, N73working papers series
Date posted: July 15, 2008
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