The Federal Courts as a Franchise: Rethinking the Justifications for Federal Question Jurisdiction
University of Michigan Law School
July 17, 2008
California Law Review, 2009
This article develops a model of the federal courts as a kind of franchising arrangement - a chain of dispute resolution forums with a set of basic characteristics held in common across branches, regardless of the location in which any particular branch sits. It argues, in particular, that federal court practice - in sharp contrast to practice in scattered state courts - is characterized by a high measure of procedural homogeneity, a standardized culture marked by a strong ethic of professionalism, and a bench that exhibits generally high levels of competence in the stuff of judge-craft.
The article urges reorienting our thinking about federal question jurisdiction around the Franchise model and discourages continued reliance on the conventional view - that federal judges are more likely than their state court counterparts to provide evenhanded, uniform, expert adjudication of federal law - to justify the conferral of general federal question jurisdiction on the lower federal courts.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 66Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: July 18, 2008 ; Last revised: January 13, 2009
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