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The Homeownership Experience of Households in Bankruptcy

Sarah W. Carroll

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Wenli Li

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

August 13, 2008

FRB of Philadelphia Working Paper No. 08-14

This paper provides the first in-depth analysis of the homeownership experience of households in bankruptcy. The authors consider households who are homeowners at the time of filing. These households are typically seriously delinquent on their mortgages at the time of filing. The authors measure how often they end up losing their houses in foreclosure, the time between bankruptcy filing and foreclosure sale, and the foreclosure sale price. In particular, they follow homeowners who filed for chapter 13 bankruptcy between 2001 and 2002 in New Castle County, Delaware, through October 2007. They present three main findings. First, close to 30 percent of the filers lost their houses in foreclosure despite filing for bankruptcy. The rate rose to over 40 percent for those who were 12 months or more behind on their mortgage payment, about the same fraction as among those who entered into foreclosure directly. Second, filing for bankruptcy allowed those who eventually lost their houses to foreclosure to remain in their houses for, on average, an additional year. Third, although the average final sale price exceeded borrowers' own estimates at the time of filing, the majority of the lenders suffered losses. These findings are pertinent to the recent debate over the bankruptcy code on mortgage modification. Finally, the paper also reports circumstances related to the loan, borrower, and lender that make it more or less likely that a certain result will take place.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 31

Keywords: Homeownership, Chapter 13 personal bankruptcy, Foreclosure

JEL Classification: J22, K35, D14

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Date posted: September 6, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Carroll, Sarah W. and Li, Wenli, The Homeownership Experience of Households in Bankruptcy (August 13, 2008). FRB of Philadelphia Working Paper No. 08-14. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1223262 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1223262

Contact Information

Sarah W. Carroll (Contact Author)
University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )
3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
Wenli Li
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia ( email )
Ten Independence Mall
Philadelphia, PA 19106-1574
United States
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