References (82)



Workplace Disabilities

Seth D. Harris

New York Law School

Michael Ashley Stein

William & Mary Law School; Harvard Law School

August 14, 2008

LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT LAW AND ECONOMICS, Kenneth G. Gau-Schmidt, Seth D. Harris and Orly Lobel, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008
NYLS Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08/09-5

The key United States law regulating employment discrimination against employees with disabilities is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Title I of the ADA prohibits employment discrimination against any 'qualified individual with a disability'. This proscription includes traditional prohibitions of 'disparate treatment' and 'disparate impact'. Another form of employment discrimination prohibited by the ADA is the failure to provide a 'reasonable' workplace 'accommodation' to a qualified individual with a disability. The statute defines those individuals as workers who are capable of performing the essential job functions of the respective positions sought, either with or without provision of reasonable accommodations. Because reasonable accommodations are the focus of scholarly and political debate over the ADA, while also being the main innovation in disability employment discrimination worldwide, this chapter focuses on accommodations.

Although the ADA is a United States statute, it has had considerable influence on disability-related employment laws internationally. This is true for systemic national laws such as the United Kingdom's Disability Discrimination Act that are closely modeled on the ADA as well as for international acts that borrow specific concepts from the ADA (Stein and Stein 2007). Notably, the ADA's reasonable accommodation mandate has been adopted by the United Nations.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Keywords: disability, accommodation, workplace accommodation, job accommodation, Americans with Disabilities Act, ADA, human rights, economic rights, workiers with disabilites, employees with disabilities, employment, employment rate, economics of disability, economics of accommodations, economic analysis, in

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Date posted: August 15, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Harris, Seth D. and Stein, Michael Ashley, Workplace Disabilities (August 14, 2008). LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT LAW AND ECONOMICS, Kenneth G. Gau-Schmidt, Seth D. Harris and Orly Lobel, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008; NYLS Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08/09-5. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1226433

Contact Information

Seth D. Harris (Contact Author)
New York Law School ( email )
185 West Broadway
New York, NY 10013
United States
212-431-2826 (Phone)
212-431-3295 (Fax)
Michael Ashley Stein
William & Mary Law School ( email )
South Henry Street
P.O. Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795
United States
(757) 221-3762 (Phone)
Harvard Law School ( email )
1563 Massachussetts Avenue
Pound Hall 423
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-1726 (Phone)
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