Representing Children, Representing What?: Critical Reflections on Lawyering for Children
Annette Ruth Appell
Washington University in Saint Louis - School of Law
August 16, 2008
Columbia Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 39, 2008
NYLS Clinical Research Institute Paper No. 09/10 #29
This article sets forth some critical observations about the role of children's attorneys in reinforcing and challenging sociolegal norms, particularly those norms that are not child-driven or child-centered. More concretely, it critically explores the role of children's lawyers in promoting the individual and systemic interests of their youthful constituents, most of whom receive lawyers because they are caught in systems that predominately serve poor children and children of color. The article first reflects on the indeterminacy and contingency of the category of children, checking our natural tendencies to idealize children and childhood. The second section describes the children's bar, examining its legalistic approach to children's problems and their solutions, which contemplate children in isolation from their families and communities. The third section notes the decline in children's well-being, despite the growth of a children's bar, and sketches five thematic observations that might account for this anomaly and raise questions regarding the utility of children's lawyers and the roles that they might occupy. These observations relate to the multiple gulfs between children and attorneys, and the limitations of rights-based advocacy, particularly for clients who do not have the authority to define justice in their own terms. The final section explores how children's attorneys are beginning to critically assess their dominance and their approaches to the legal representation of children, and to develop methods to ensure that the child's viewpoint is expressed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 66
Keywords: children, family, justice, race, lawyers, norms
JEL Classification: D63, 131
Date posted: August 18, 2008
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