Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1232373
 
 

References (36)



 
 

Citations (2)



 


 



More Tickets, Fewer Accidents: How Cash-Strapped Towns Make for Safer Roads


Michael D. Makowsky


Johns Hopkins University - Department of Emergency Medicine, Center for Advanced Modeling in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences; Hopkins Population Center

Thomas Stratmann


George Mason University - Buchanan Center Political Economy; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Harvard University - Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics

August 29, 2010


Abstract:     
Traffic accidents are one of the leading causes of injury and death in the U.S. The role of traffic law enforcement in the reduction of accidents has been studied by relatively few papers and with mixed results that may be due to a simultaneity problem. Traffic law enforcement may reduce accidents, but police are also likely to be stricter in accident-prone areas. We use municipal budgetary shortfalls as an instrumental variable to identify the effect of traffic citations on traffic safety and show that budgetary shortfalls lead to more frequent issuance of tickets to drivers. Using a panel of municipalities in Massachusetts, we show that increases in the number of tickets written reduce motor vehicle accidents and accident related injuries. The findings show that failure to control for endogeneity results in a significant underestimation of the positive impact of law enforcement on traffic safety.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 40

Keywords: traffic accidents, safety, law enforcement, simultaneity

JEL Classification: K32. K42, H71, C33

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: August 19, 2008 ; Last revised: November 5, 2013

Suggested Citation

Makowsky, Michael D. and Stratmann, Thomas, More Tickets, Fewer Accidents: How Cash-Strapped Towns Make for Safer Roads (August 29, 2010). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1232373 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1232373

Contact Information

Michael D. Makowsky (Contact Author)
Johns Hopkins University - Department of Emergency Medicine, Center for Advanced Modeling in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences ( email )
Davis Building, Suite 3220
5801 Smith Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21209
United States
Hopkins Population Center ( email )
Baltimore, MD 21218
United States
Thomas Stratmann
George Mason University - Buchanan Center Political Economy ( email )
4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States
703-993-2330 (Phone)
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
Harvard University - Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics ( email )
124 Mount Auburn Street
Suite 520N
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 2,550
Downloads: 370
Download Rank: 44,453
References:  36
Citations:  2

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo6 in 0.313 seconds