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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1238212
 
 

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Welfare Reform and Children's Short-Run Attainments


Hau Chyi


NORC

Orgul D. Ozturk


University of South Carolina - Department of Economics

September 8, 2008


Abstract:     
Using PIAT Math test score as a measure of attainment, we find that both single mothers' work and welfare use in the first five years of their children's lives have a positive effect on children's outcomes, but this effect declines with initial ability. The higher the initial ability of a child, the lower the positive impact work and welfare have. In fact, in the case of welfare the effect is negative if a child has more than median initial ability. Furthermore, we find that the work requirement reduces a single mother's use of welfare. However, the net effect of the work requirement on a child's test score depends on whether the mother's work brings in enough labor income to compensate for the loss of welfare benefits. We also look at the implications of the welfare eligibility time limit and maternal leave policies on children's outcomes.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 34

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Date posted: August 21, 2008 ; Last revised: September 10, 2008

Suggested Citation

Chyi, Hau and Ozturk, Orgul D., Welfare Reform and Children's Short-Run Attainments (September 8, 2008). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1238212 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1238212

Contact Information

Hau Chyi
NORC ( email )
55 E. Monroe, Ste. 4800
Chicago, IL 60603
United States
Orgul D. Ozturk (Contact Author)
University of South Carolina - Department of Economics ( email )
Columbia, SC 29208
United States
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References:  22

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