Unions, Firing Costs, and Unemployment
Catholic University of Portugal (UCP) - Faculty of Economic Science and Business Studies; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
LABOUR, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 509-546, September 2008
We study the effects of firing costs in unionized economies with heterogeneous workers. We consider an overlapping generations model where workers participate in the labour market both when young and when old. All workers belong to the same union that sets wages unilaterally. We find that at given wages firing costs increase youth unemployment and decrease old-age unemployment. However, once the wage response is considered, firing costs increase both youth and old-age unemployment. Indeed, knowing that when firing costs are higher firms refrain from firing, the union increases the wage of old workers, and, therefore, old-age unemployment increases.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: August 27, 2008
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