Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1256143
 
 

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Preventing Accidents and Building a Culture of Safety: Insights from a Simulation Model


John Lyneis


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Stuart Madnick


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

February 25, 2008

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4710-08

Abstract:     
Research has approached the topic of safety in organizations from a number of different perspectives. On the one hand, psychological research on safety climate gives evidence for a range of organizational factors that predict safety across organizations. On the other hand, organizational learning theorists view safety as a dynamic problem in which organizations must learn from mistakes. Here, we synthesize these two streams of research by incorporating key organizational factors from the safety climate literature into a dynamic simulation model that also includes the possibility for learning. Analysis of simulation results sheds insight into the nature of reliability and confirms the dangers of over-reliance on 'single loop learning' as a mechanism for controlling safety behaviors. Special emphasis is placed on strategies that managers might use to encourage learning and prevent erosion in safety behaviors over time.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 36

Keywords: safety, simulations, models

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Date posted: August 27, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Lyneis, John and Madnick, Stuart, Preventing Accidents and Building a Culture of Safety: Insights from a Simulation Model (February 25, 2008). MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4710-08. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1256143 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1256143

Contact Information

John Lyneis (Contact Author)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )
77 Massachusetts Ave.
E62-416
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
Stuart E. Madnick
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )
E53-321
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
617-253-6671 (Phone)
617-253-3321 (Fax)
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