Karl Marx's Intellectual Roots in John Locke
Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Law
September 15, 2008
Postmodern Openings, Vol. 7, pp. 29-37, 2011
Marx supposedly represents a radical break from liberal individualist property oriented thinking. In fact however, Marx integrates the best points of a variety of liberal individualists, notably Locke and Rousseau, but also to a lesser extent Aristotle and even Plato. Marx is an extension of, not a break from, mainstream thinkers in Western thought: all Marx's main ideas can be traced to one canonical Western scholar or another. Understanding analytical tools common to both Liberalism and Marxism contextualizes their divergences and allows one to better understand both the successes and failures of Marxism as a critique in practice of liberal state theory.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 188
Keywords: Marx, Locke, Marxism, Liberalism, Social Contract, State of Nature, Legal theory, philosophy, political theory, jurisprudence, state theory, history, theory
JEL Classification: K10, K30Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 16, 2008 ; Last revised: November 7, 2011
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