Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1273198
 
 

Citations



 


 



Juvenile Jails: A Path to the Straight and Narrow or Hardened Criminality?


Randi Hjalmarsson


University of Maryland - School of Public Policy

September 24, 2008

Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 52, 2009

Abstract:     
Juvenile justice systems throughout the United States have become increasingly punitive since the 1970s. Most states have passed legislation making it easier to transfer juveniles to the criminal courts. Supporters of this 'get tough' movement argue, in part, that juvenile courts are ineffective in deterring young offenders. This claim, however, is primarily based on poorly designed evaluations that do not account for the non-random nature of sentencing. This paper demonstrates how the institutional features of the justice system can be exploited to identify causality when true random assignment is not feasible. In particular, I capitalize on discontinuities in punishment that arise in Washington State's juvenile sentencing guidelines to identify the effect of incarceration on the post-release criminal behavior of juveniles. The results indicate that incarcerated individuals have lower propensities to be reconvicted of a crime. This deterrent effect is also observed for older, criminally experienced, and/or violent youths.

Keywords: juvenile crime, recidivism, incarceration, deterrence

JEL Classification: J13, K14, K42

Accepted Paper Series





Not Available For Download

Date posted: September 25, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Hjalmarsson, Randi, Juvenile Jails: A Path to the Straight and Narrow or Hardened Criminality? (September 24, 2008). Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 52, 2009. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1273198

Contact Information

Randi Hjalmarsson (Contact Author)
University of Maryland - School of Public Policy ( email )
College Park, MD 20742
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 762

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.312 seconds