Urbanization and Structural Transformation
London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)
University of Vienna - Department of Economics
Stephen J. Redding
October 9, 2008
This paper presents new evidence on urbanization using sub-county data for the United States from 1880-2000 and municipality data for Brazil from 1970-2000. We show that the two central stylized features of population growth for cities - Gibrat's Law and a stable population distribution - are strongly rejected when both rural and urban areas are considered. Population growth exhibits a U-shaped relationship with initial population density, and only becomes uncorrelated with initial population density at the high densities found in predominantly urban areas. We provide evidence that the explanation for these patterns lies in different employment growth dynamics in the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors and the process of structural transformation away from the agricultural sector.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 63
Keywords: Urbanization, Structural Transformation, Gibrat's Law
JEL Classification: R11, R12, E20
Date posted: October 13, 2008
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