Noblesse Oblige? Determinants of Survival in a Life and Death Situation
Bruno S. Frey
CREMA; University of Basel
David A. Savage
Queensland University of Technology; QuBE; CEDM
Queensland University of Technology; CREMA; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2425
This paper explores the determinants of survival in a life-and-death situation created by an external and unpredictable shock. We are interested in seeing whether pro-social behaviour matters in such extreme situations. We therefore focus on the sinking of the RMS Titanic as a quasi-natural experiment to provide behavioural evidence that is rare in such a controlled and life threatening event. The empirical results support that social norms such as "women and children first" survive in such an environment. We also observe that women of reproductive age have a higher probability of surviving among women. On the other hand, we observe that crew members used their information advantage and their better access to resources (e.g. lifeboats) to generate a higher probability of surviving. The paper also finds that passenger class, fitness, group size, and cultural background matter.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: decision under pressure, altruism, social norms, interdependent preferences, excess of demand
JEL Classification: D63, D64, D71, D81
Date posted: October 17, 2008
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