Green Revolution: Indian Agricultural Experience - A Paradigm for Eritrea
Prof. Ravinder Rena
University of the Western Cape; Polytechnic of Namibia; Papua New Guinea University of Technology
June 5, 2004
Eritrean Studies Review, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.103-130, 2004
Food problem became more severe after the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, presenting a series challenges to India's agricultural sector. Even during good harvest years, food imports remain high. A large segment of people were poor. To mitigate these problems, India adopted farming strategies under the "Green Revolution" in the mid 1960s. The application of modern farming technology, introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds, increased use of fertilizers, development and expansion of irrigation systems, extension of credit and educational services to farmers. These activities resulted in a drastic increase of farm products leading India to achieve self-sufficiency in food within a short period of time. The "Green Revolution" has contributed to Indian agriculture tremendously and transformed India from a starving nation to a food exporter. The activities that comprise the "Green Revolution" are worth emulating in the Eritrean environment. This paper explores the impact of the "Green Revolution" on Indian agricultural production with the aim of drawing lessons for Eritrea to modernize its agriculture and subsequently solve its food insecurity problem. The Indian experience serves as a model for Eritrea to achieve self-sufficiency in food.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 18
Keywords: Green Revolution, Agriculture and Technology, India, Eritrea, Food Security
JEL Classification: Q1, Q15, Q18Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 23, 2008 ; Last revised: December 30, 2008
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