The Women Employment in Eritrea - Reflections from Pre and Post-Independence Period
Prof. Ravinder Rena
University of the Western Cape; Polytechnic of Namibia; Papua New Guinea University of Technology
June 15, 2007
The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 357-370, April-June 2007
The role of Eritrean women in thirty years war of independence brought major changes and reflects in the present demography and economy of Eritrea in the development arena. Their participation in the economy contributes to local production and income by filling the gaps left by men who died in the war or who have left the country and settled in different parts of the world. Despite the growing importance of women for the formal economy, jobs and self-employment opportunities available to women are still clustered in low-productivity and/or low-status industries. To cope with the growing number of female-headed households, Eritrea needs to increase the earning potential of women. This paper indicates that providing women with education at secondary or tertiary level is one way to go. This paper deals with, why Eritrean women are entering into the labour markets: one, family ties and control of women is weakened due to absent men and increasing divorce rates. The second, there is a shortage of male breadwinners. The third, growing education levels increase their earning potential.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: Eritrea, Women employment, Empowerment, Economic development, education
JEL Classification: B24, I31, J16, J31, J71, J83Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 27, 2008 ; Last revised: January 15, 2009
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