Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1295006
 


 



How Passive 'Face Time' Affects Perceptions of Employees: Evidence of Spontaneous Trait Inference in Context


Kimberly Elsbach


University of California, Davis - Graduate School of Management

Daniel M. Cable


University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Kenan-Flagler Business School

Jeffrey Sherman


University of California, Davis - Department of Psychology

September 29, 2008

UC Davis Graduate School of Management Research Paper No. 08-08

Abstract:     
We examine how and why passive face time (being passively observed at work) might affect perceptions of employees in professional settings. Findings from a qualitative study suggest that passive face time exists in two forms: (1) being seen at work during normal business hours - or expected face time, and (2) being seen at work outside of normal business hours - or extracurricular face time. These two forms of passive face time appear to affect employee perceptions because they lead to trait inferences. Expected face time leads to inferences that an employee is "dependable," while extracurricular passive face time leads to inferences that an employee is "committed". Findings from an experimental study provide confirmation of our qualitative findings and suggest that trait inferences are made spontaneously. We discuss the implications of our findings for theories of organizational citizenship behavior and trait inference, and for the practice of performance evaluation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 42

working papers series





Download This Paper

Date posted: November 4, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Elsbach, Kimberly and Cable, Daniel M. and Sherman, Jeffrey, How Passive 'Face Time' Affects Perceptions of Employees: Evidence of Spontaneous Trait Inference in Context (September 29, 2008). UC Davis Graduate School of Management Research Paper No. 08-08. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1295006 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1295006

Contact Information

Kimberly Elsbach (Contact Author)
University of California, Davis - Graduate School of Management ( email )
One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-0910 (Phone)
Daniel M. Cable
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Kenan-Flagler Business School ( email )
McColl Building
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3490
United States
919-962-6145 (Phone)
Jeffrey Sherman
University of California, Davis - Department of Psychology ( email )
Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-7586 (Phone)
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,440
Downloads: 270
Download Rank: 66,053

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo2 in 0.328 seconds