The Choice of Outside Equity: An Exploratory Analysis of Privately Held Firms
EDHEC Business School
New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)
NYU Working Paper No. S-CG-01-01
We analyze the choice between public and private equity financing of a unique, hand-collected sample of privately held firms that have indicated their willingness to raise outside equity. We document that these firms are remarkably similar at the time of the announcement, yet 71% complete an IPO, 18% sell equity privately, and the remaining firms do not raise capital at all. To understand what determines the ultimate outcome, we follow these firms over time and record what they might learn up to their final decision. We identify the marginal conditions that favor raising outside equity, and those that determine the choice between public and private equity. Our results show that firms react systematically to changes in market conditions, such as equity returns and the cost of capital, that occur after the announcement, controlling for capital constraints, ownership structure, and the motivation for raising outside capital.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: Capital structure, capital constraints, private equity, going public decisionworking papers series
Date posted: November 5, 2008
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