School Choice and Competition: Evidence from the Netherlands
Erasmus University Rotterdam, SEOR-ECRi; Tinbergen Institute
Stephanie Van der Geest
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)
Raymond H. J. M. Gradus
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam; Tinbergen Institute
November 10, 2008
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. 08-109/3
The literature suggests that competition among schools might increase quality. However, not much empirical evidence is present as only a few countries allow competition at a large scale. One exception is the Netherlands. Free parental choice is the leading principle of the Dutch education system since the beginning of the 20th century. Based on panel data for the Netherlands we show that there is a relation between competition and student achievement in upper secondary education, but that it is negative. In addition, private schools have higher quality levels.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: Education, competition, school choice
JEL Classification: H70, I20
Date posted: November 13, 2008
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