Federalism in Africa: The Case of Ethnic-Based Federalism in Ethiopia
Forum für Sozialwissenschaften Forschung
affiliation not provided to SSRN
International Journal of Human Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 1-39, 2008
Ethiopia adopted ethnic federalism and restructured the regions along ethnic lines as soon as the EPRDF took political power by overthrowing the Marxist military government in 1991. The aim of this paper is to examine the merits and the demerits of federalism. The paper particularly assesses federalism in Africa by taking the case of Ethiopia as an example. The paper argues that in order to ensure the success of federalism, it should not be imposed from above. Since its introduction in 1991 and officially sanctioned in the country's 1994 Constitution, ethnic federalism and Article 39 of the Constitution that awarded the self-rule states (regions) the right to secede has become the major source of intense debate. For some, ethnic federalism and the right to secede discourage ethnic tensions in the country and encourage the various ethnic groups to live together peacefully. However, for others, this experiment can go out of hand and may lead the country into never-ending ethnic wars and eventually to disintegration. This paper, by taking into account of Ethiopia's and other countries' experiences, will examine both sides of the arguments.
Keywords: Ethiopia, federalism, ethnic-federalism, secession, ethnicity
JEL Classification: Z00, N47, H8, H10Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: November 21, 2008
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.437 seconds