Politicians: Be Killed or Survive
Bruno S. Frey
CREMA; Zeppelin University
Queensland University of Technology; CREMA; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2483
In the course of history, a large number of politicians have been assassinated. Rational choice hypotheses are developed and tested using panel data covering more than 100 countries over a period of 20 years. Several strategies, in addition to security measures, are shown to significantly reduce the probability of politicians being attacked or killed: extended institutional and governance quality, democracy, voice and accountability, a well functioning system of law and order, decentralization via the division of power and federalism, larger cabinet size and strengthened civil society. There is also support for a contagion effect.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 39
Keywords: assassinations, rational choice, governance, democracy, dictatorship, deterrence, protection
JEL Classification: D01, D70, K14, K42, Z10
Date posted: December 9, 2008
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