Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1313020
 
 

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Politicians: Be Killed or Survive


Bruno S. Frey


CREMA; Zeppelin University

Benno Torgler


Queensland University of Technology; CREMA; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

December 2008

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2483

Abstract:     
In the course of history, a large number of politicians have been assassinated. Rational choice hypotheses are developed and tested using panel data covering more than 100 countries over a period of 20 years. Several strategies, in addition to security measures, are shown to significantly reduce the probability of politicians being attacked or killed: extended institutional and governance quality, democracy, voice and accountability, a well functioning system of law and order, decentralization via the division of power and federalism, larger cabinet size and strengthened civil society. There is also support for a contagion effect.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Keywords: assassinations, rational choice, governance, democracy, dictatorship, deterrence, protection

JEL Classification: D01, D70, K14, K42, Z10

working papers series


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Date posted: December 9, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Frey, Bruno S. and Torgler, Benno, Politicians: Be Killed or Survive (December 2008). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2483. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1313020

Contact Information

Bruno S. Frey (Contact Author)
CREMA ( email )
Südstrasse 11
Zurich, CH 8008
Switzerland
Zeppelin University ( email )
Am Seemooser Horn 20
Friedrichshafen, Lake Constance 88045
Germany
Benno Torgler
Queensland University of Technology ( email )
GPO Box 2434
2 George Street
Brisbane, Queensland 4001
Australia
CREMA
Gellertstrasse 18
Basel
Zurich, CH 8006
Switzerland
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
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