Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1320204
 
 

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Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Rights or Privileges?


Demola Okeowo


Faculty of Law, Queen's University, Canada

December 12, 2008


Abstract:     
Since 3rd January, 1976 when the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights entered into force, gallons of juristic ink have been spilled globally by legal pundits in examining the nature and scope of what is now widely known as economic, social and cultural rights. While the adoption of the treaty has recorded yet another milestone in the protection of international human rights, opinions differ as to whether these ideals could be recognized as 'rights properly so called' under international law. The classification of socio-economic rights as non-justiciable 'positive' rights requiring the dedication of significant State resources for their realization, as opposed to 'negative' civil and political rights requiring only that the State refrain from encroaching on specified areas of the life of the individual, considerably oversimplified the legal challenges which the Covenant raises. Several reasons have been given by critics of economic, social and cultural rights with a view to establishing the fact that these sets of rights are not rights per se but mere privileges accorded by the State to individuals as per its available resources. Are economic, social and cultural rights really 'rights' or 'privileges'? Are states bound to respect these rights? Are they truly enforceable? What effort is being made at the international and regional levels to give effect to these rights? What is the justiciable status of these rights in national arena?

Number of Pages in PDF File: 28

Keywords: ICESCR, Justiciability, Rights, Privileges, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Civil and Political Rights

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Date posted: December 26, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Okeowo, Demola, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Rights or Privileges? (December 12, 2008). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1320204 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1320204

Contact Information

Ademola Oladimeji Okeowo (Contact Author)
Faculty of Law, Queen's University, Canada ( email )
Macdonald Hall
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 K7L3N6
Canada
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