The Ivory Tower Under Siege: A Constitutional Basis for Academic Freedom
Matthew Reid Krell
University of Alabama - Department of Political Science
December 27, 2008
George Mason University Civil Rights Law Journal (CRLJ), Forthcoming
In Garcetti v. Ceballos, the Supreme Court held that public employees who speak within the scope of their jobs are not protected by the Pickering balancing test. The Court reserved the issue of whether academics, who may make controversial speech within the course of their academic work and suffer retaliation, are subject to the Garcetti rule. This paper outlines the current thinking of how the various academic freedom claims within the First Amendment play out, and then offers a new way to resolve such a case. Essentially, the university is seeking authority to breach the employment agreement because the professor was in compliance with the employment agreement. Judicial sanction of such an action eviscerates contract.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 46
Keywords: academic freedom, First Amendment, Contract Clause, public-employee speech, Garcetti, PickeringAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: December 29, 2008 ; Last revised: December 26, 2010
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